Pearlscale Goldfish 101: A Comprehensive Beginners Guide!

If you want to add some elegant and unique aquatic life to your home, consider the Pearlscale Goldfish. Known for their stunning ping pong appearance and friendly demeanor, Pearl scale Gold fish are a popular choice for beginner fish enthusiasts.

These fish are a beautiful addition to any aquarium with their spherical bodies and shimmering scales.

This comprehensive beginner guide will cover everything you need to know about caring for Pearlscale Goldfish.

From selecting the right tank and water conditions to feeding and general maintenance, we will provide you with all the essential information to ensure your fish thrive in their new environment.

Goldfish Pearlscale

Whether you’re new to fishkeeping or simply interested in adding a new variety of fancy goldfish to your collection, this guide will serve as a valuable resource for understanding the unique needs of Pearlscale Goldfish. So, sit back, relax, and prepare to dive into the enchanting world of Pearlscale Goldfish care! 

Should You Get a Pearlscale Goldfish for Your Aquarium?

The pearlscale goldfish is a beautiful and unique fish, but it is not for everyone. Here are some things to consider before getting one for your aquarium:

  • Pearlscales are delicate fish. They have thick, domed scales that can easily be damaged and prone to swim bladder problems. You must be very careful when handling them and ensure excellent water quality.
  • Pearlscales are not the best community fish. They can be nippy, and they can outcompete other fish for food. If you have a community tank, it is best to stick with hardier fish, such as danios or barbs.
  • Pearlscales need a large aquarium. They can grow 6-8 inches long, so you need an aquarium at least 20 gallons for one fish and 30 gallons for two.
  • Pearlscales are expensive. They can cost $20-$50 or more each.
crown pearlscale goldfish

If you are willing to take on the extra care, pearlscale goldfish can be rewarding fish to keep. They are beautiful and they have a lot of personality. However, if you are a beginner aquarist or have little time to spend in your tank, there are better fish than Pearlscales.

Here are some other things to keep in mind:

  • Pearlscales are coldwater fish, so they do not need a heater. However, they do need good water filtration.
  • Pearlscales are omnivores, so that they will eat various dry foods, including flakes, pellets, and vegetables.
  • Pearlscales can live for 10-15 years with proper care.

If you decide to get a pearlscale goldfish, research and ensure you are prepared to provide them with the care they need.

Pearlscale Goldfish Characteristics & Species Profile

The Pearlscale Goldfish is a popular and distinct variety of goldfish known for its egg shaped body and beautiful lustrous scales, which resemble pearls.

These fish are native to China and are a staple in many aquariums due to their unique golf ball appearance and relatively easy care. Pearlscale Goldfish typically have round, chubby bodies, short double tails, and protruding eyes.

White Spots on Goldfish

They come in various colors, including orange, white, red, and even calico. These fish are generally peaceful and do well in community tanks with other similar-sized species. They are best kept in larger aquariums with plenty of room to swim and explore.

Pearlscale Goldfish are omnivores and should be fed a balanced diet of quality fish flakes, pellets, and occasional live or frozen foods. With proper care, these fish can live for over 10 years and make a charming addition to any freshwater aquarium. 

Here’s a summary of the characteristics and species profile of Goldfish Pearlscale:

Pearlscale Goldfish’s Appearance

  • Pearlscale goldfish are characterized by their short, rounded bodies and raised, pearly scales arranged in rows. These scales cover their entire body, including the head and fins. 
  • They have a telescopic eye variety, bulging eyes that protrude from their sockets.
  • They come in various colors: orange, red, white, black, calico, and chocolate.

Pearl scale Gold fish Size

  • Pearlscale goldfish typically grow to be 6-8 inches long, but some can reach up to 10 inches.

Gold fish Pearl scale Temperament

  • Pearlscale goldfish are generally peaceful fish that can be kept with other goldfish and other delicate fish species.
  • However, they can be slow swimmers due to their body shape and may be bullied by more active fish.

Pearl scale Gold fish Habitat

  • Pearlscale goldfish can be kept in aquariums or ponds.
  • They require a minimum tank size of 20 gallons and prefer water temperatures between 68-72°F.
  • They are sensitive to cold water and should not be kept in outdoor ponds in climates where the temperature drops below 45°F.

Overall, Pearlscale goldfish are beautiful and fascinating fish that make good pets for aquariums and ponds. However, they require a spacious tank or pond and proper water conditions.

Types of Goldfish Pearlscale

The Pearlscale goldfish is known for its distinctive scales, which are rounded and protruding outwards. These scales give the fish a bumpy, pearl-like appearance, hence the name Pearlscale.

There are several types of Pearlscale goldfish, including the crown pearlscale goldfish, which has a prominent raised scale pattern on its back resembling a crown. The black pearlscale goldfish is known for its deep black coloration and lustrous, rounded scales, which create a striking contrast.

On the other hand, the blue pearlscale goldfish boasts a beautiful blue hue that accentuates its unique scale pattern. These Pearlscale goldfish are prized for their ornamental value and make stunning additions to aquariums and ponds. With their eye-catching scales and vibrant colors, Pearlscale goldfish are popular among fish enthusiasts. 

Goldfish Pearlscale Lifespan

The Goldfish Pearlscale, a unique variety of goldfish with a distinctive pearly appearance, has an average lifespan of 10 to 15 years when properly cared for. This lifespan can be influenced by various factors such as water quality, diet, and genetics.

Providing a suitable environment for the Pearlscale is essential, including a well-maintained tank with proper filtration and regular water changes. 

Additionally, feeding them a balanced diet of high-quality fish food and ensuring their compatible tank mates can contribute to their overall health and longevity. With the proper care and attention, the Goldfish Pearlscale can live a long and healthy life, bringing joy and beauty to its owners for many years to come.

Goldfish owners need to be well-informed about the specific needs of the Pearlscale variety to provide them with the best possible care and ensure they reach their full lifespan potential. 

Common Pearlscale Goldfish Fish Diseases

Common Pearlscale Goldfish fish diseases include infections like fin rot and ulcers caused by poor water quality and stressful environmental conditions.

Another common disease is ich, a parasitic infection that appears as white spots on the fish’s body. Pearlscale Goldfish are also prone to swim bladder disease, which can cause buoyancy issues and difficulty swimming.

pearl scale gold fish

Additionally, they can suffer from fungal infections, such as cotton wool disease, which may appear as fuzzy growths on their skin. To prevent these diseases, it is vital to maintain a well-balanced and clean aquarium environment, ensure proper filtration and water quality, and monitor the fish for any signs of illness.

Regular water changes and a well-balanced diet can also help boost the immune system of Pearlscale Goldfish, reducing their susceptibility to diseases. If a disease is suspected, it is important to quarantine the affected fish and seek advice from a veterinarian or experienced fish keeper for proper diagnosis and treatment.

In short, Pearlscale goldfish, like all common goldfish, the pearlscale goldfish are susceptible to various diseases. Here are some of the most common Pearlscale goldfish diseases to be aware of:

Parasitic diseases:

  • Ich (white spot disease): This highly contagious parasitic disease manifests as tiny white spots on the fish’s body and fins. It can be treated with aquarium salt, medication, or increased water temperature. 
  • Flukes: These external parasites attach to the fish’s gills and skin, causing irritation and damage. Flukes can be treated with medication or dips. 
  • Anchor worms: These large, worm-like parasites burrow into the fish’s flesh. They can be removed manually or treated with medication. 

Bacterial diseases:

  • Fin rot: This common disease causes the fins to become ragged and inflamed. It is often caused by poor water quality and can be treated with medication or improved water conditions. 
  • Columnaris: This bacterial infection affects the gills, mouth, and skin, causing white or red sores. It can be treated with antibiotics. 
  • Dropsy: This severe condition causes the fish’s abdomen to swell with fluid. It is often fatal and can be caused by various factors, including organ failure and bacterial infections. 

Other diseases:

  • Swim bladder disease: This condition affects the fish’s ability to maintain balance and swim upright. It can be caused by overfeeding, constipation, or tumors. Treatment depends on the underlying cause. 
  • Constipation: Pearlscale goldfish are prone to constipation due to their compact digestive system. It can be prevented by feeding them a high-fiber diet and ensuring good water quality.

Preventing Pearlscale goldfish diseases:

The best way to prevent Pearlscale goldfish diseases is to provide them with a clean and healthy aquarium environment. This includes:

  • Maintaining good water quality by performing regular water changes and using a water filtration system.
  • Feeding them a high-quality diet and avoiding overfeeding.
  • Quarantining new fish before adding them to the main tank.
  • Observe your fish closely for any signs of disease and take prompt action if necessary.

Following these tips can help your Pearlscale goldfish live long and healthy lives.

If you notice any signs of disease in your Pearlscale goldfish, it is essential to consult with a veterinarian or experienced aquarist for diagnosis and treatment. Early intervention is often critical to a successful recovery.

Pearlscale Goldfish Care Guide

How do you take care of Pearlscale goldfish? When caring for these unique fish, there are a few essential things to remember. First, they require a spacious tank with plenty of room to swim and explore and a filtration system to keep their water clean.

Maintaining a stable water temperature and quality is essential, as pearlscale goldfish are sensitive to environmental changes. Additionally, their diet should consist of high-quality goldfish pellets and occasional treats like frozen or live foods.

Regular water changes and tank maintenance are crucial for keeping these fish healthy and thriving. It’s also essential to monitor their behavior and appearance for any signs of illness and to seek veterinary care if needed. By providing the right environment and care, pearlscale goldfish can live for many years and bring joy to their keepers. 

These fish are relatively easy to care for, but there are a few things you need to know to keep them healthy and happy.

Pearlscale Goldfish Tank Size and Setup

  • A tank of at least 20 gallons is required for one Pearlscale goldfish, and 10 gallons should be added for each other fish.
  • Goldfish are messy fish, so a good quality filtration system is essential.
  • The tank should be planted with live or silk plants, which will help to improve water quality and provide hiding places for your fish.
  • Avoid using sharp decorations or gravel, as these can damage the delicate scales of the Pearlscale goldfish.

Goldfish Pearlscale Water Parameters

  • Pearlscale goldfish prefer cooler water temperatures of 65°F to 72°F.
  • The pH should be between 6.0 and 8.0.
  • Water hardness should be between 5 and 19 dGH.
  • Ammonia and nitrite levels should always be zero, and nitrates should be less than 20 ppm.


  • Pearlscale goldfish should be fed a high-quality goldfish diet that includes a variety of pellets, shelled peas, flakes, and vegetables.
  • Feed your fish two or three small meals per day.
  • Be careful not to overfeed your fish, as this can lead to water quality problems.


  • Perform a 25% water change every two weeks.
  • Vacuum the gravel to remove waste.
  • Clean the filter media as needed.


  • Pearlscale goldfish are relatively peaceful fish but should be kept from fast swimmers fish.
  • They are also incompatible with fish with long fins, as the Pearlscale goldfish may nip at them.
  • Good tank mates for this slow moving fish include other fancy goldfish, danios, and platies.


  • Pearlscale goldfish can live for 10-15 years with proper care.


  • Common health problems in Pearlscale goldfish include swim bladder disease, fin rot, and dropsy.
  • If you notice any signs of illness in your fish, it is essential to quarantine them and treat them with a suitable medication.

With proper care, Pearlscale goldfish can make fantastic, low-maintenance additions to any aquarium.

Additional Tips

  • Pearlscale goldfish are not the best choice for beginners, as they are more delicate than other goldfish varieties.
  • If you plan on breeding Pearlscale goldfish, it is essential to do your research to ensure that you do so responsibly.
  • Pearlscale goldfish are beautiful fish, but they are not for everyone. If you are not prepared to provide them with the proper care, choosing a different type of fish is best.

What Are Good Tank Mates For Pearlscale Goldfish?

When choosing tank mates for pearlscale goldfish, it’s important to consider their gentle and peaceful nature. Good tank mates for pearlscale goldfish include other goldfish varieties like the Fantail Goldfish, Ryukin goldfish, Ranchu Goldfish, Comet goldfish, or Oranda Goldfish

These fancy goldfish varieties have similar temperaments and requirements, making them compatible companions for pearlscale goldfish. Small and peaceful freshwater fish species such as White Cloud Mountain minnows, Cherry Barbs, or Bristlenose Plecos can also make good tank mates.

It’s important to avoid keeping pearl scale goldfish with fast swimming or nippy species, such as Tiger Barbs or Cichlids, as they may harass or injure the gentle pearl scale. Choosing tank mates with similar temperaments and requirements to pearlscale goldfish will help create a harmonious and thriving aquatic environment in the aquarium. 

Pearlscale Goldfish Food & Diet

Ah, the pearlscale goldfish, with their delicate scales and captivating appearance! Keeping them healthy and happy involves, of course, providing a proper diet. So, let’s dive into the tasty world of pearlscale goldfish food and diet.

Here’s the gist:

  • Omnivores: They love both animal and plant matter, so a varied diet is vital.
  • Base diet: High-quality goldfish pellets and flakes, soaked for easy digestion, should form the main staple. Choose ones with moderate protein (around 30%) and add calcium for strong bones.
  • Treats and variety: Mix with frozen or freeze-dried brine shrimp, bloodworms, daphnia, or tubifex worms. They’re nutrient-rich and encourage natural foraging behavior.
  • Veggie delights: Offer blanched vegetables like romaine lettuce, zucchini, or cucumber. They provide fiber and essential vitamins. Avoid live plants, as they might get munched down too quickly.
  • Feeding frequency: Two small meals a day is ideal, with enough food they can finish within 2 minutes. Overfeeding can lead to health problems.
  • Pond pearlscales: They’ll find plenty of natural snacks like insects, algae, and worms. Supplement with high-quality pellets for extra nutrition.

Here are some additional tips:

  • Beware of goldfish gluttony: Their tendency to overeat can be tempting to indulge, but resist! Stick to the recommended amounts.
  • Fasting days: Once a week, consider a fasting day to aid digestion and prevent constipation.
  • Clean water: Good water quality is crucial for efficient digestion and overall health. Maintain proper filtration and perform regular water changes.

Remember, a healthy and varied diet will keep your pearlscale goldfish looking radiant and swimming joyfully for years. So, put on your chef’s hat and whip up some delicious and nutritious meals for your finned friends!

How to Breed Pearlscale Goldfish: (Breeding Pearl scale Gold fish)

Breeding Pearlscale goldfish can be a rewarding experience for fish enthusiasts. Selecting a breeding pair with desirable traits such as round body shape and evenly spaced pearly scales is essential.

The males typically have small white spots on their gill plates and pectoral fins, while the females tend to have a broader and rounder belly when in breeding conditions.

To encourage spawning, the water temperature should be gradually increased to around 70-74°F. Spawning mops and Live plants, such as java moss, can also provide a suitable spawning environment. 

Once the eggs are laid, the adults should be removed to prevent them from eating them in the breeding tank. The eggs will hatch in about 4-7 days, and the fry can be fed with newly hatched brine shrimp or commercial fry food. 

Maintaining good water quality and providing adequate space for the fry to grow is essential. With proper care and attention, breeding Pearlscale goldfish can lead to a beautiful and thriving population in your aquarium. 

How big do Pearlscale goldfish get?

Pearlscale goldfish typically reach 4-6 inches long, though some exceptional specimens can grow as large as an orange (around 8 inches).

Where to buy Pearlscale goldfish?

You can find pearlscale goldfish for sale online at Next Day Koi, Koi Garden, Aquacave, or local fish stores. Check Petco and PetSmart for availability.

Are Pearlscale goldfish hardy?

Pearlscale goldfish are considered moderately hardy. While they can tolerate a wider range of water conditions than some fancy goldfish, their unique body shape and protruding scales make them more susceptible to stress and disease. They require pristine water conditions and spacious tanks to thrive.

Can non Pearlscale goldfish have pearlsvales?

Nope! Pearlscales’ signature raised, pearl-like scales are a unique genetic trait. No, other goldfish breeds can develop them, even when bred with a Pearlscale.

Can Pearlscale goldfish live in ponds?

Yes, Pearlscales can enjoy pond life! However, ensuring ample space, clean water, and a climate mild enough to avoid winter freezing is crucial. Remember, their fancy fins and scales require extra care compared to hardier goldfish. 

What diseases do pearl scale goldfish get?

Pearlscales are prone to swim bladder issues, skin parasites, and internal blockages due to their body shape. Watch for fin rot, bacterial infections, and dropsy in poor water conditions.

What do Pearlscale goldfish eat?

Pearlscale goldfish are omnivores! Enjoy a mix of high-quality pellets, flakes, frozen worms (bloodworms, brine shrimp), and veggies like blanched lettuce or peas. Don’t overfeed, and remember occasional live treats!

Are Pearlscale goldfish sensitive?

Yes, Pearlscale goldfish are pretty sensitive compared to other goldfish breeds. They require stable water conditions, mild temperatures, gentle handling, and peaceful tank mates to thrive.


In conclusion, caring for Goldfish Pearlscale requires attention to their specific needs to ensure their health and longevity. Maintaining a clean and spacious tank with proper filtration and regular water changes is essential. Goldfish Pearlscale should be fed a well-balanced diet, including high-quality pellets or flakes and occasional live or frozen foods. Paying attention to their feeding habits and ensuring they do not overeat is crucial in preventing health issues such as swim bladder disorder.

Additionally, providing a variety of vegetation and ornaments in the fish tank can help to stimulate their natural behavior and provide mental stimulation. Monitoring water quality and temperature and being aware of any signs of illness is essential for providing proper care for these unique fish. With good care and attention to their specific needs, Goldfish Pearlscale can thrive and bring joy to their owners for many years. 

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About Me

I am the founder of, a devoted wife and mother, and an avid fish enthusiast. My aim is to assist fellow fish lovers worldwide in understanding how to properly care for and breed their pet fish.

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