What to Feed a Goldfish? 7 Helpful Goldfish Feeding (Tips)

When it comes to owning a pet fish, feeding is often one of the most important things you can do for their long-term health and well-being. But what to feed a goldfish?

With so many different options available when it comes to fish food for goldfish, however, deciding what your finned friend needs can be a daunting task—but not if you know where to start!

In this blog post, we’ll provide seven helpful tips, from keeping track of how much you feed your fish to catering their diet around seasonal preferences.

water temperature for a goldfish

So whether you’re just getting started with a new goldfish or have been caring for one in an established tank setup for quite some time now, goldfish owners read on and discover all the info needed to ensure your friendly fish stays healthy and happy!

What do Goldfish Eat in the Wild?

Wild goldfish eat crustaceans, black soldier fly larvae, plant and insect food, and sometimes even eat smaller fish. Although it is obvious it is impossible to eat their natural foods to make goldfish foods similar to their diets at home.

Smallest breed of goldfish

Goldfish eat peas and boiled vegetables, blood worms, and shrimp. These products are very different from flakes or pellets. 

There are other delicious treats for goldfish here! When feeding live foods instead of freeze-dried, there is the potential to spread disease to the goldfish.

What Do Goldfish Eat as Pets?

As pets, goldfish eat specially formulated fish food that comes from fish flakes, pellets, wafers, and freeze-dried fish. Each type of food contains all the essential vitamins and minerals needed for a healthy diet, providing a balanced diet for your pet goldfish.

Feeding your fish various foods is essential to ensure they get all the nutrients they need. We recommend a combination of flake, pellet, and freeze-dried foods.

How Much Flakes to Feed Goldfish?

The flake food to feed your fancy goldfish varies depending on the size and species. Most local pet store experts recommend feeding 1-2 flakes per inch of fish body length twice or thrice daily.

It’s important not to overfeed, as excess food can lead to an unhealthy tank environment and make your fish ill. If you notice leftover food after a few minutes, reduce the amount of food given next time.

Feeding Pellets to Goldfish

Pellets are a great option when feeding goldfish as they contain ingredients like vitamins and fiber that flake foods do not. When feeding pellets, start by offering one-quarter of the amount you would like, usually goldfish feed flakes, and increase from there.

The pellets should soften when wet, so if your goldfish has trouble consuming them, add a little water to help. Feeding pellets at least once a day is recommended, but at most twice a day.

What Human Food Can You Feed a Goldfish?

Human food should only be given to goldfish occasionally in small amounts as a treat. Human food too often can cause health problems like obesity which could lead to early death.

Goldfish can eat cooked spinach, boiled peas with the shells removed, cooked lettuce, and other vegetables like carrots, cucumbers, and zucchini. They should not be given anything fried, spicy, or sweet, which can lead to health problems.

Best Time to Feed Goldfish

When Can You Feed a Goldfish Live Food? Live food should only be offered occasionally and in small amounts due to the potential for spreading disease.

The best time to feed your goldfish is when they are hungry. Goldfish have small stomachs, so providing them with just enough to consume the food in 2-3 minutes is crucial.

As a general rule of thumb, you should be feeding your fish once or twice a day with a pinch of food per fish each time. Ensure that you take note of your goldfish’s eating habits and adjust the frequency as needed.

Remember: Live food such as bloodworms, brine shrimp, and daphnia are a good idea to provide variety to a goldfish’s diet, but they should be used sparingly.

What to Feed a Goldfish When Out of Fish Food?

What can I feed my goldfish if I don’t have fish food? When running out of fish food, you should feed your goldfish vegetables, fruits, insects, worms (like earthworms or bloodworms), shrimp pellets, aquatic plants, and algae.

To prepare vegetables for feeding your goldfish, boil them until soft or mix them with a blender before adding tank water. Fruits such as melon slices and apple pieces work well for goldfish, too; remove seeds from the fruit before feeding.

Insects like small crickets and mealworms are also good options for occasional snacks. You can even feed small amounts of frozen brine shrimp or daphnia if available.

Lastly, remember some forms of algae that can provide extra nutrition that helps keep their gastrointestinal tract healthy!

How Often to Feed a Goldfish?

How often should you feed goldfish? Adult goldfish should be provided at least one time every day. The goldfish are fed 3 times a day. If you overfeed your goldfish, it may not occur, but it could be straightforward.

You should take some extra care!!! More information can be found by reading our guide on feeding your goldfish.

A balanced goldfish diet is important for your goldfish’s health and happiness. Offer them flakes, pellets, live food, vegetables, and fruits in moderation to ensure they get a proper diet.

Remember not to overfeed, as this can lead to an unhealthy goldfish tank environment and make your fish ill. If you notice uneaten remaining food in the tank, reduce the amount given or feed more frequently.

Following these guidelines will help your goldfish stay healthy and happy for many years!

What to Feed Goldfish Besides Fish Food?

Wild Goldfish are omnivores, meaning they eat both plant and animal matter. In addition to commercially produced fish foods, there are various other healthy and delicious options you can offer your goldfish.

These include cooked peas (with the shells removed), boiled lettuce, freeze-dried bloodworms, bits of cooked shrimp, brine shrimps, mosquito larvae, boiled spinach leaves, and even leafy green vegetables such as kale or collard greens!

These items should be given in moderation as too much can lead to digestive system issues. Additionally, variety is vital – it is advised to alternate between different types of foods to ensure your goldfish get a balanced diet full of essential nutrients.

Recommended Goldfish Food

Typical commercial goldfish dishes include a variety of goldfish: flakes, pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and brine shrimp.

  • Flakes are an excellent choice as they can easily be crumbled and will float on the water’s surface. This makes them ideal for mid-water fish feeders such as fantails and comets.
  • Pellets are an excellent option for bottom feeders such as Aqueon and Fluval. These pellets are usually much larger than flakes, so breaking them into smaller pieces is essential before feeding.
  • Freeze-dried bloodworms and brine shrimp provide an excellent source of protein which can help with your goldfish’s growth and development.
  • Live food such as mosquito larvae, fruit flies, and daphnia can also provide a nutritious meal for your goldfish but should be used sparingly as they tend to be higher in fat than other alternatives.

Alert: Check the expiration date on these items before feeding them to your fish!

In conclusion, feeding your goldfish a variety of food is essential for them to stay healthy and happy. Offer them flakes, pellets, live food, vegetables, and fruits in moderation to ensure they get a balanced diet.

Manufactured Foods

This is Goldfish food that we usually find at a pet retailer. The food would be lower quality manufactured and usually contain fillers and may not be optimum for goldfish to eat. Other fish food preparations that are manufactured come in the next category.

Frozen / Freeze Dried Foods

Freeze-dried food offers some good fish health products. Frozen food can be bought only from local fish markets. Look out for the best-known companies like Hikari and the Bayside Brand. For freezer drying, I like California Blackworms.

Live Food

The living foods you offer goldfish are probably their favorite food. But it would help if you remembered that live foods shouldn’t comprise all of the fish diet and should never be all. Home farming live food is the most efficient way to get it, but it is only suitable for some.

Homemade Food for Goldfish

A varied diet rich in essential nutrients is critical to keeping goldfish healthy. While commercial fish foods are designed to meet their nutritional needs, you can supplement their diet with homemade food.

Some great options include freeze-dried food or brine shrimps and other frozen seafood, fruits, and vegetables like zucchini, spinach, apples, and peas.

You should always cook raw fruits or veggies before offering them to your goldfish, as they may contain harmful bacteria or parasites. In addition, make sure you peel the skin off any fruit you give your fish – especially citrus! 

When preparing homemade foods for your goldfish, it’s important to consider portion size – too much food will pollute the water, so only offer small amounts at a time and remove any uneaten food from the tank afterward.

It’s also important to remember not to overfeed; smaller amounts fed more frequently are better than one big feeding each day, which may lead to overeating and indigestion in some cases.

Finally, remember water quality; adding homemade food means increased debris in the tank, which can affect water quality if not kept clean properly. Test your tank regularly for ammonia and nitrite levels just like you would when using commercial foods!

Can Goldfish Eat Bananas?

Yes, goldfish can eat banana – if mashed or diced into small pieces. Banana contains high levels of potassium and phosphorus, so they should be fed in moderation.

Be sure to remove any uneaten pieces from the tank afterward to prevent water pollution. Goldfish can also benefit from other types of fruits, such as apples, oranges, and cantaloupes. Just remove the skin before feeding and serve in small pieces. Again, moderation is key!

Can You Feed Goldfish Bread?

Can goldfish eat bread? The answer is yes, but it should be limited as bread provides no nutritional value to your fish. Fish should never be fed bread, as doing so can lead to intestinal blockage and potentially fatal consequences.

It can also turn soggy quickly and pollute the tank if left uneaten for too long. If you choose to feed your goldfish bread, make sure it is fresh, unsalted, and cooked to stay dry.

Also, ensure only to give tiny pieces at a time so your fish doesn’t overeat. Bread should never be the primary food source for goldfish and should always be supplemented with more nutritious options like vegetables and high-quality commercial foods.

Can Goldfish Eat Strawberries?

Yes, goldfish can safely eat strawberries! Strawberries are an excellent source of Vitamin C and other antioxidants that help promote a fish’s immune system.

However, the strawberry should always be peeled before feeding your goldfish as the skin contains oxalic acid, which can be toxic if consumed in large amounts.


So, what can you feed goldfish? Feeding a goldfish should be an enjoyable and rewarding experience for you and your pet. With the proper knowledge about what to feed goldfish, you can help it remain healthy and achieve optimal growth rates. Remember, only provide as much food as your goldfish can eat in two minutes; overfeeding can lead to health complications like swim bladder problems or diseased fins.

Monitor the size of your goldfish, its eating speed, and its overall condition to decide if it is being adequately fed. Goldfish foods do not provide complete nutrition, so they supplement their diet with fresh vegetables like lettuce, peas, spinach, and zucchini, live foods like mealworms or tubifex worms, and frozen foods such as brine shrimps.

Remember to change the water regularly to reduce bacterial build-up, ensuring good water quality and an environment where your goldfish flourishes. Lastly, monitor any uneaten food that may interfere with the aquarium’s nitrogen cycles or cause water fouling. With these seven feeding tips for goldfish in mind, you can give your aquatic companion all the love it needs and deserves.

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About Me

I am the founder of, a devoted wife and mother, and an avid fish enthusiast. My aim is to assist fellow fish lovers worldwide in understanding how to properly care for and breed their pet fish.

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