What Do Betta Fish Eat in the Wild? Facts & Myths (REVEALED)

Bettas are a popular fish for home aquariums, but many people need to learn what do betta fish eat in the wild and what they should feed.

Many betta owners think bettas can eat anything, but this is not true. Bettas could become sick or die if you don’t provide them with the right food.

Interest in betta fish has increased significantly over the past decade, with more and more people taking up keeping these beautiful creatures as pets.

However, knowing what to feed them can be tricky; depending on whether your Betta is living in the wild or captivity, there are certain foods you should consider serving.

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What do wild betta fish eat? And as a pet provides all the information you need to ensure your Betta is getting the right food.

In this blog post, we will look at some of the familiar food sources available for bettas in their natural habitat and while under human care.

Knowing what to feed your pet is essential for ensuring its health and welfare—read on to learn about the proper diet for a happy and healthy betta fish!

Can Bettas Survive in the Wild?

Yes, bettas can survive in the wild. They are native to Southeast Asia and live in slow-moving streams, ponds, marshes, and other freshwater bodies.

Wild bettas thrive in sweltering Southeast Asian habitats, such as paddy fields and sluggish rivers. 

Its environment needs to remain warm, around 80°F. To maintain its optimum health, However, any sudden drops can cause the fish stress or make it more vulnerable to illness.

What Do Betta Fish Eat in the Wild?

What do wild betta fish eat? Bettas have evolved to handle various food sources throughout their natural habitats. 

In the Wild, Bettas eat almost anything they can find, including insects, worms, crustaceans, and even small tropical fish.

Since wild bettas cannot hunt for their food like other species of fish, they have adapted to scavenging by eating whatever is available.

You will often see them snacking on decaying organic matter and live food.

Because of their scavenging nature, wild bettas can survive on a diet of mostly plant matter, such as algae and other aquatic plants.

Some other things that wild betta fish might eat include insect larvae, bloodworms, brine shrimp, fruit flies, and even the occasional tiny snail.

Where Do Bettas Live in the Wild?

Where do betta fish live? Wild bettas inhabit various environments, from tranquil rice paddies to stagnant ponds and slow-moving streams.

These areas provide the ideal habitat for these vibrant creatures in their natural environment.

Wild bettas are usually found in shallow waters with plenty of vegetation and slow-moving currents. Bettas also enjoy the presence of some live plants to hide in, as they help to provide a sense of security for them.

Finally, you will often find these fish in areas with organic debris that they can scavenge for food.

What Can Betta Fish Eat as a Pet?

As you can see, wild betta fish have many different things they will eat in their natural environment.

Knowing what to feed your Betta in captivity is just as important as understanding what do wild betta fish eat.

This means providing a diet consisting of various proteins and carbohydrates, as well as vitamins and minerals from live food sources.

The best thing you can do for your Betta is to provide a variety of different food sources, such as high-quality processed pellet or fish flakes, freeze-dried bloodworms, mosquito larvae, brine shrimp, and so on.

Best Food for Betta Fish

Betta Fish Pellets

Cobalt pellets are the way to go when it comes to providing a balanced diet for your pet betta. They are formulated with all the necessary nutrients and come in various flavors and sizes to suit the needs of different betta species.

They are also an excellent source of protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and other essential nutrients.

Brine Shrimp Betta Food

Brine shrimp are a classic favorite when it comes to betta fish food. They are rich in essential amino acids, proteins, fats, and other vitamins and minerals.

Brine shrimp also provide some natural color enhancement, as they contain carotenoid pigments, which can help to bring out the colors of your fish.

Frozen Foods for betta fish

Frozen foods are another excellent option for betta fish. They provide a variety of vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids that can help to keep your Betta healthy.

Betta’s best-frozen foods include brine shrimp, bloodworms, daphnia, and krill.

Live Food for Betta

Live food is another great option to consider when feeding your Betta. Live food sources like bloodworms and mosquito larvae are rich in proteins, vitamins, and minerals.

Live foods will also provide your Betta with some natural enrichment, as they have to hunt for their food, which will help to keep them entertained and stimulated.

So, Feed your Betta as many live or freeze-dried foods as possible. 

How Many Pellets to Feed Betta Fish?

Providing your fish with the proper diet is essential for their well-being!

We suggest offering two to four betta pellets daily, either once or twice daily. Remember that if you feed them too much, they may become overstuffed!

As a healthy substitute once or twice per week, try adding some fresh food, or freeze-dried food instead of betta pellets – remember that these expand drastically when placed into the water, so start small and adjust as needed.

More uneaten food can also make your fish’s water dirty and unhealthy. 

What Is a Bettas Favorite Food?

What do betta fish like to eat? As a betta fish owner, you can entice your finned friend with some of their favorite treats – frozen brine shrimp and bloodworms.

These items are delicious for them to eat and help stimulate activity in the tank.

For more cost-effective options, consider adding some nutritious flakes into the mix; not only do they provide essential vitamins and minerals needed for optimal health, but storing them is as easy as one, two, or three!

How Much to Feed Wild Bettas?

Bettas are a popular fish, but there needs to be more conflicting information on how to best take care of them. 

A lot of betta owners

 think that feeding their Betta twice a day is the best way to go, but this can lead to health problems.

In this video, you’ll learn how much and how often you should feed your Betta to keep them healthy and happy.

Can Betta Fish Eat Once a Day?

A betta fish can eat once daily and still receive the nutrients it needs to stay healthy. Ideally, feeding them twice a day would be best, as this mimics their natural instincts to hunt for food.

When feeding your Betta once a day, give them high-quality pellets or flake food formulated with all the necessary vitamins and minerals.

Also, consider supplementing their diet with live foods such as frozen brine shrimp, bloodworms, or daphnia to provide them with natural enrichment.

How Long Can a Betta Fish Go Without Eating?

How long can a betta fish go without food? On average, they can last between 10 and 14 days without nourishment – truly remarkable resilience! Bettas have an impressive ability to survive with minimal sustenance.

Despite their picky diets, these vibrant creatures only require a small amount of food due to their teeny-tiny stomachs that are about the same size as their eyes!

What Can Betta Fish Eat of Human Food?

Betta fish cannot digest most human foods, so avoiding giving them anything you would eat is best. However, some human foods can be safely fed to your Betta.

Fruits, like applesauce or banana, can provide a tasty treat. Vegetables, betta fish eat peas and spinach, they are also a great source of vitamins and minerals.

Finally, unsalted nuts, such as walnuts or almonds, can be an occasional snack. Make sure to give them a tiny portion, as too much can lead to digestive system issues.

Remember: Feeding human food to your Betta. Any human food would likely harm your fish: Fruits are too acidic and contain too many unnatural sugars for a Betta’s diet. 

What Insects Do Betta Fish Eat?

Insects are a great source of high protein for betta fish, and several types of insects can be safely given to them.

Crickets, blackworms, and tubifex worms are all nutritious treats that can be offered to your Betta.

You can also provide them with live mealworms or water fleas for a more natural approach.

These insects will offer your betta hours of entertainment as they hunt them down and can provide the essential nutrition to keep your Betta healthy.

Be sure only to offer a few insects at a time and monitor your Betta to ensure they are eating enough.

Remember, a well-fed fish is a healthy fish! The key to successful betta keeping is understanding your bettas’ dietary needs and preferences.

Can Betta Fish Eat Ants?

Add variety to your Betta’s natural diet and offer them a unique snack: ants! However, pick smaller black or brown varieties as they will be safer for the fish. Large ones or fire ants should be avoided since they could cause harm.

In addition, if you have an outdoor garden or a pet ant farm, make sure to use only non-toxic plants around them to avoid any potential harm.

Ants offer a soft, crunchy treat that your Betta will love, and the high protein found in them will keep them healthy and strong.

Storing Betta Fish Food

No matter what type of food you choose to feed your Betta, proper storage is essential.

Keep their food in an airtight container and store it in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight or heat.

This will help keep the food fresher for longer and ensure your Betta gets the most nutrition out of their meals.

Always check the expiration date before feeding and discard any expired food to avoid potential health risks.

Follow these tips, and you and your Betta will have a happy and healthy relationship.

How Do Betta Fish Survive in the Wild?

In the Wild, betta fish can survive by using their instincts to hunt for food. They feed on small insects, crustaceans, and larvae in their natural habitat.

They also have an incredible ability to adjust to changing weather conditions and find shelter when needed.

Bettas are pretty resilient creatures, and in the Wild, their long lifespan is a testament to their adaptability and survival skills.

With the proper care and nutrition, betta fish can also live for several years in captivity.

By providing the right environment, enrichment activities, and nutritious food, your Betta will thrive and live a long and happy life with you.

How Long Do Betta Fish Live in the Wild?

Betta fish are considered more of an animal than a plant; in the Wild, they can live up to three years. This is longer than many other types of fish, which often only live for a couple of months.

The key to their long lifespan is adapting and thriving in a wide range of habitats. With the proper care and nutrition, betta fish can also live for several years in captivity.

So if you’re thinking about adding a betta fish to your home, rest assured that you’ll be able to enjoy their company for a long time!

Commonly Asked Questions about What Do Betta Fish Eat (FAQ)

What Can I Feed a Baby Betta Fish?

You can offer several different types of food to a baby betta fish, including live foods like small insects and larvae, as well as regular fish food.

How Often Should I Feed a Betta Fish?

This will depend on several factors, including the type of food you are offering, the age and size of your fish, and their individual needs. Generally speaking, Adult betta fish need to be fed once daily, while younger specimens require feeding twice daily.

What Can I Feed a Betta Fish Besides Fish Food?

In addition to commercial fish foods, there are a variety of different foods that you can offer your carnivorous fish, including meaty treats like small insects, live or frozen food, and live brine shrimp. You can also include vegetables like kale, spinach, and zucchini in their diet.

What Eats Betta Fish?

Betta fish are preyed upon by various animals, including birds, frogs, and other types of fish. They can also be affected by disease and environmental factors, such as pollution or habitat destruction.

How Long Do Betta Fish Live?

In the Wild, betta fish can live for up to three years on average and live for several years in captivity with proper care and nutrition. Factors that can affect their lifespan include environmental conditions, health status, and food type.

How Do Betta Fish Get Food in Wild?

To survive in the Wild, betta fish use their hunting instincts to catch small insects, larvae, and crustaceans. They can also adapt to changing environmental conditions and find shelter when needed. With these survival skills, bettas can live for several years in the wild.

What Do Siamese fighting fish Eat in the Wild?

What do bettas eat in the wild? In natural habitats, Betta fighting fish feed on a variety of small animals, including insects, larvae, crustaceans, and other small aquatic creatures. They can also survive by using their instincts to find shelter from changing weather conditions and other predators.

Can You Find Betta Fish in the Wild?

Where do betta fish live in the wild? Although bettas are commonly kept as pets in aquariums and other indoor habitats, they can also be found in the wild. This is particularly common in Southeast Asia, where they can live in rice paddies and other shallow bodies of water.

Why Does My Betta Fish Refuse to Eat?

Several reasons your fish refuses to eat include; poor water quality, stress or anxiety, environmental changes, and betta fish’s health issues. If your aquarium fish isn’t eating, you must consult a vet or other expert for advice immediately.

Can a Betta Fish Eat Goldfish Food?

Yes, goldfish food can be a good option for betta fish, as long as the food is small enough to be eaten and doesn’t contain any ingredients that are harmful to your fish. Consider consulting a vet or other expert before adding goldfish food to your Betta.

Can Bettas fish Eat Peas?

Bettas can benefit from a pea-based diet thanks to the high fiber content of this superfood. Peas are an excellent way to help with constipation in bettas, so why not try them?

Can Betta Fish Eat Lettuce?

An occasional serving of lettuce can be beneficial to ensure your Betta’s digestive health is up to par. The fiber content in the vegetable will help clear any issues that may arise and get them back into optimal condition quickly so they can return to their usual diet.


So, what do betta fish eat in the Wild and as pets? As you can see, there are various types of foods that Betta eats in the wild and as a pet. Understanding what they need to survive and how to care for them properly is essential. By providing them with the proper diet and environment, you can ensure that your betta fish will live a long and healthy life.

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About Me

I am the founder of, a devoted wife and mother, and an avid fish enthusiast. My aim is to assist fellow fish lovers worldwide in understanding how to properly care for and breed their pet fish.

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