Care of Guppies: 10 Tips to Keep Your Guppy Healthy & Happy

Guppies are a popular beginner fish, loved not only for their vibrant colors and delicate fins but also for the fact that they are easy to take care of. So, how to take care of guppies in a bowl and freshwater fish tank?

Proper tending will ensure your pet fish remain healthy and happy, whether you opt for guppies in a classic bowl or fancy custom guppy tanks.

Keeping pet fish can be challenging without the correct information and guidance.

With the proper know-how to care for guppies, your fish could avoid poor water conditions, cramped conditions, or lack of nutritious food.

how to breed with guppies

In this ultimate guppies care guide, we’ll go over all the critical elements required when caring for guppies: from the best guppy tank size and filtration systems to diet plans, water temperature scales, and other essentials. Get ready – let’s jump in!

Why Are Guppies So Popular?

Guppies are among the most popular fish worldwide due to their brilliant colors, lively personalities, and ease of breeding. Guppies come in various vibrant colors ranging from electric blues and greens to classic oranges and yellows.

Discovered in South America during the 1860s, Guppies are a robust live-bearing fish species known for their ability to control mosquito populations. Over time, they were introduced to the pet trade and have since been selectively bred to showcase an array of unique colors, patterns, and fin styles.

how to breed a guppy

They also have a distinctive ‘tail’ structure that adds even more visual interest. On top of their eye-catching beauty, guppies are known for being quite active swimmers who love exploring aquariums with their playful activity.

Finally, it is straightforward to breed guppies which has further contributed to their popularity as starter fish for novice aquarists.

Colors, Patterns, Fins, and Sex Differences

Guppies come in several color variations and designs and have different tail lengths and shapes. These are categorized in terms of tail types and eye color. Among gup tails is the fantail tail, flag tail, round tail, spire tail, or veil tail.

Several guppies have long, curled tails. Most guppies are 2- or 3- toned and come in shades of pink, orange, yellow, pink, and blue. Spot and stripes are a pattern on the body, fins, and tails of Guppys.

Guppies generally have two dorsal fins, one anal fin, and two pectoral fins. Females typically have a broader caudal fin than males. The guppies’ sex differences are incredibly distinct in their tail designs.

Males usually sport flashy tails with bright colors, while females tend to be more subtle in coloration. Additionally, male guppies generally have four tail types: lyre tail, flag tail, round tail, and spade or veil tail.

Lyre’s tails are broad at the base and flare like a fan. Flag tails are long with distinct edges that look like flags waving in the breeze. Round tails are rounded, while spade or veil tails appear more triangular.

Female guppies usually have a plain or slightly patterned tail with little to no color. Females are also more adept at hiding than males, relying on plain coloring to blend in with their natural habitats. This is an evolutionary trait that helps keep them safe from predators.

Are Guppies Easy to Take Care Of?

Yes! Guppies are an excellent choice for beginner fish keepers because they are easy to care for. They require minimal space and maintenance, making them ideal for small tanks or aquariums.

Guppies don’t need any special temperature regulation and can be comfortable at average room temperatures. They also don’t need to be fed very often – typically, once or twice a week is sufficient – and you won’t have to worry about changing their water as often either.

Guppies are an excellent choice if you’re looking for a low-maintenance starter fish!

Caring for Guppies: 10 Tips for Maintaining Healthy Guppies

Here are essential tips for keeping your guppies healthy and happy, so you can watch them swim around in your aquarium for years.

1. Start with the Right Tank: When setting up a separate tank for fancy guppies, it’s essential to make sure that you have enough space for them to swim around and plenty of hiding spots. A 10-gallon tank is usually ideal for keeping a small group of guppies (4-5).

2. Use the Right Water: Guppies prefer a neutral pH and soft water. You can add a unique aquarium salt to create a more optimal environment for your guppies, or use bottled water if you’re uncertain about your tap water’s quality.

3. Keep the Temperature Steady: The ideal temperature range for guppies is between 70-80°F. You can use a thermometer to check your tank’s temperature and ensure it stays within this wide range.

4. Feed Your Guppies Regularly: Guppies must be fed 2-3 times daily with high-quality, nutritious food like flake or pellet food. Ensure that you provide them with small enough amounts each time so they can finish all of their food in about 2 minutes.

5. Care for Sick Guppies Immediately: If you notice any signs of illness in your guppy, such as unusual behavior or lack of appetite, take action immediately! Look up the symptoms online and consult a pet store veterinarian if necessary; treating illnesses early on will help keep your aquarium guppies healthy and happy.

6. Clean Your Tank Regularly: Cleaning the tank is an integral part of guppy care, and it should be done every two weeks or so. Use a gravel vacuum to remove debris from the bottom of the tank, replace about 25%-30% of the water with freshly treated water, and scrape any algae off of rocks or decorations in the breeding tank using a soft-bristled brush.

7. Handle Your Guppies With Care: When you need to handle them for any reason (such as performing maintenance on their community tank), always use wet hands and be very gentle! Never squeeze them too hard, as they can easily get injured this way.

8. Provide a Healthy Diet: Give your guppies high-quality food specifically made for them. You can feed them flake food, pellets, frozen or freeze-dried bloodworms, and other foods. Be sure to provide variety in their diet so they are getting the nutrition they need.

9. Monitor Water Quality: Regularly monitor the water quality in your breeding tank to ensure it stays balanced and healthy for your guppies. Test the pH, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate levels to ensure everything is in good condition. If you notice any changes in these parameters, correct them immediately.

10. Check Your Guppies For Signs Of Illness: One of the most important aspects of caring for guppies is to watch for any signs of illness or disease. If you notice any changes in behavior, such as lethargy, unusual swimming pattern, or not eating, it could be a sign that your fish is sick. If necessary, take them to a vet and treat them with appropriate medication.

These ten simple steps will ensure your guppies have a healthy and long life. Guppies can live up to five years or more with the proper care, so make sure to provide the best environment and care you can. Good luck!

What Do Guppies Need in Their Tank?

Guppies need a few essential components for their tanks to thrive. These include: 

  • A large enough tank to provide a comfortable living environment, preferably with plenty of hiding places such as plants, rock ornaments, and driftwood. A 10-gallon (approx. 40 liters) tank is suitable for a small group of guppies, but larger groups require additional space – 15 gallons (approx. 57 liters) per 5 guppies is the recommended size. 
  • Clean water at all times; this includes changing out 25-50 percent of the tank water weekly and using a quality filter system to keep the water pristine throughout regular use. You must also use dechlorination drops when filling the tank with fresh tap water before adding any fish. 
  • The right aquarium temperature should be around 74–79°F (23–26°C). If it falls too low, there’s potential for illness and infection; if it goes too high, there can be an inadequate supply of oxygen in the water. You can achieve this optimum level by investing in an appropriate heater or thermometer kit to monitor your aquarium conditions accurately over time. 
  • Guppies must have access to food that contains essential vitamins and minerals they require to stay healthy and active – flakes or pellets are ideal options here; live food like insects or crustaceans may also be fed occasionally as treats if desired!

How Do You Take Care of Guppies for Beginners?

Fish-keeping can be a difficult and time-consuming hobby, especially for beginners. 

Guppies are small, popular fish that requires much knowledge and skill to care for properly. Without proper care, the health and longevity of your guppies could be at risk. 

Now you can learn How To Take Care of a Guppy for Beginners? Quickly and easily with this instructional video. You are covering everything from feeding, housing, water conditions, and more. Get up to speed fast on guppy care and keep your pets healthy!

How to Take Care of Guppy Fish in a Bowl?

Guppies are hardy fish that can survive in a variety of water conditions. However, when it comes to keeping them in a bowl, there are some essential steps you need to take to ensure the health and safety of your guppies.

This video will show you how to create the perfect environment for your guppies in a bowl. From setting up their home to monitoring their conditions and providing them with the nutrition they need, you’ll learn everything you need to know about keeping your guppies happy and healthy.

Guppy Fish Care & Tank Requirements

The installation of the tanks is simple. Guppies are very well adapted to warmer freshwater environments. In nature, the birds consume varied diets, and a similar mix of plant and protein can be found in aquariums.

Therefore, you should use aquarium gravel or sand, rocks, and plants to provide the physical environment that your guppies need. Moreover, providing them with a secure and comfortable environment is crucial, so you should go for aquariums that are at least 10 gallons in size.

Aquarium Size Suitable for Guppies

Guppies are tiny fish with very little bioloads, which means they have little room for living. But it still needs a good size, and you have to ensure the tanks are bigger to keep it healthy.

Generally, a gallon is sufficient to support half an inch of fish in guppies. Experts advise guppies to remain in a trio when female or male guppies are in the tank. This means a 10-gallon tank can easily fit five guppies, while a 20-gallon aquarium can house ten pairs.

Water Parameters and Changing Water

Water hardness and pH level are equally important. A pH of 7.0 indicates neutrality, and a value of 7. All above 7.0 suggests that water is acidic and has an alkaline pH. The guppie prefers to have an average pH range.

The pH of the guppy is between 6.8 and 7.8, depending on the habitat in which they live. The typical hardness of the water in dogs is dGH 0-6. It is imperative to measure water hardness about its pH level.

The more challenging the water, the lower the pH levels are. Most people use half their drinking water daily to maintain freshness and purity.

Guppies Preferred Tank Conditions

Having a Guppie on your side requires some thought. Typically 10-gallon tanks are available. It’s a little small but incredibly comfortable starting weight. A water tank of fewer than 10 gallons can cause problems keeping the water circulating efficiently and require more frequent maintenance.

You should also ensure the guppies have many hiding spots and add plants and ornaments. But keep a sharp blade away because you’ll easily damage your delicate fin. You should also ensure you have at least two inches of gravel underneath.

Guppy Fish Habitat & Ideal Water Parameters

Refrain from fooling them by their small shape! Guppies have an unusually tough temperament. But there is still one thing to control when keeping babies healthy: water parameters.

Guppies prefer warm, slightly alkaline water (pH 7.5 – 8). The temperature should range from 72 to 82F (22 to 28°C), and the water should be soft. To ensure a healthy habitat for your guppies, use a heater, filter, and air pump to maintain the temperature, oxygen levels, and water quality. Most importantly, perform weekly water changes of about 25% of the tank’s water.

To substrate your guppy aquarium, use plain gravel or play sand. Add at least one hiding spot, such as a cave or hollow log. You can also add plenty of live plants to provide your guppies with some cover.

Guppy Fish Food & Diet

In terms of food, guppy health is an absolute delight! Freshwater fish have natural omnivores and eat anything they can find! Guppies will search for weeds and crumbs in the water while in nature.

The fish’s favorite food is mosquito larvae and other tiny creatures. During captivity, you should be given a balanced diet and a few variations to help keep you healthy. Foods can be produced from high-quality flakes or grains.

Commercial products have been developed specifically for the diets of Tropical Fish. Occasionally offer protein snacks like bloodworm shrimp and mosquito larvae.

What Can You Feed Your Guppy?

You can feed the guppies both cooked foods, like cereal or pellets, and live or frozen foods. We recommend feeding guppies both (more about that later).

A guppy may also consume fresh vegetables, such as scallions, tomato, or lettuce, but you should permanently remove any remaining vegetables from their fish aquarium before it becomes rotten. The guppies may try to nibble on the plants in your fish aquarium, but they are mainly herbivores.

Commercial products designed explicitly for guppies are also a great option. These products tend to be healthier because they contain vitamins and minerals required for guppy growth and overall health.

You can also offer them freeze-dried treats like bloodworms, brine shrimp, or daphnia. It’s important not to overfeed them with treats, as they can become overweight and unhealthy.

How Long Can a Guppy Go Without Food?

Guppies usually only eat a little food. When you plan to leave after a week, you must hire an expert who can feed your fish and invest in quality automatic feeding. Adding lights for food supplies during a stay is also possible because this encourages plants to thrive.

Guppies can go without food for up to two weeks; however, it is best to stay within this period. During the two weeks, monitoring the water parameters and removing any uneaten food is essential.

If you cannot hire an expert or invest in an automatic feeder, providing food every other day is best. It is important to remember that guppies can become stressed if they are overfed, so it is best to provide food in small amounts.

Additionally, you should add a variety of food sources such as flakes, pellets, freeze-dried food, and live foods. This ensures that the guppies receive a balanced diet and all their essential nutrients.

Common Possible Guppy Fish Diseases

Common diseases that can affect guppy fish include ick (also known as white spot disease), velvet (also referred to as gold dust disease), fin rot, and flukes.

  • A parasite causes Ick and forms white spots on the guppy’s body and fins.
  • Velvet presents itself through rust-colored patches on the skin of your fish, which is due to an infection caused by dinoflagellates.
  • Fin rot is caused by bacteria that attack damaged fins, leading to erosion of tissues and sometimes even rotting away flesh.
  • Lastly, flukes are external parasites attached to a guppy’s gills or skin that cause irritation and damage if uncontrolled.

Maintaining a clean tank and watching for any signs of disease is vital. To keep your guppy healthy, Check the water regularly for ammonia; pH balance is critical in preventing illness in guppies.

Breeding Guppies

Fortunately, guppies are very simple fish to breed- even beginners. Adult guppies are live-bearers, meaning they give birth to live fry instead of laying eggs. The female can store sperm from multiple males, so controlling which male guppies are breeding with the females is important.

The ideal breeding environment for guppies should include plenty of hiding places for the female and plenty of space for the fry to swim.

When the fry is born, they should be removed from the tank immediately or risk being eaten by their parents.

Separate Breeding Tank

Placing your breeding guppies on their own allows for greater environmental control. The only downside of this system is the need for a tank.

When using a guppy-only tank, ensure it is kept clean and has plenty of oxygen. The aquarium should also be free from any predators.

The separated tank should be at most 10 gallons for best results. This will create an ideal environment for mating and hatching the young fry.

When selecting an aquarium for breeding, ensure it has a lid to keep guppies and other predators out. Generally, the aquarium should be separated from other living fish to prevent the young fry from being eaten by aggressive fish like betta fish.

Creating the Water Conditions for Breeding

Guppies are hard-bodied fish that tolerate different situations, so there’s not much water requirement for breeding. Water needs to remain at least 72°C for breeding purposes. Using aged water and maintaining good filtration is also essential to reduce harmful contaminants.

Introducing the Breeding Pair

It is essential to choose a healthy breeding pair. An ideal breeding pair should come from the same species and have distinct physical features like color, fin length, etc.

Selecting breeding guppies acclimating to the same water temperature, pH, and hardness levels as the aquarium is vital.

Hatching and Feeding Guppy Fry

If you are on the run, fish need to be provided with ample shelter to keep themselves safe from the sun and avoid the threat of tank mates. Java moss is a dense plant that offers good hides for guppy fry.

After their birth, guppy fry will eat anything. Fresh hatched shrimp and powdered wet foods provide an excellent source of nutrients to sustain your young fry. However, keep in mind that it’s always best to avoid overfeeding.

Excessive calorie food can affect the breeding tank filtration and kill older fish. As the fry grows, you must regularly change the water supply, and the goal should be maintaining the water conditions.

Commonly Asked Questions about Caring for Guppy Fish (FAQ)

How Many Guppies Should Be Kept Together?

It’s important to remember that guppies are social fish, so they should never be isolated. The optimal tank size for a group of guppies is 10 gallons, so it’s best to keep at least 5-10 guppies in the same aquarium. This allows them to form a tight-knit group while giving each fish room to swim around.

What Water Temperature Should Be Maintained?

Guppies prefer to live in water that is between 72-78 degrees Fahrenheit. They are tropical fish, so it’s crucial to maintain a consistent temperature in your guppies tank. If the temperature drops too low, their metabolism can slow down, and they may become sick.

How Often Should You Clean the Tank?

The tank should be cleaned every two weeks. Water changes are significant to maintain a healthy environment for your guppies. A one-third water change should be done every two weeks, and any debris should be removed. It’s also essential to vacuum the gravel and clean the filters.

What Water Is Best for Guppies?

Guppies prefer water with a neutral pH level and hardness between 3-15 dGH. The water should also be free from chlorine, chloramines, and ammonia. You can use a water conditioner and a pH test kit to keep the water in balance.

How Often Do Guppies Need to Be Fed?

Guppies should be fed two to three times per day with high-quality fish food. They especially enjoy live, frozen, and freeze-dried foods, but it is important to vary their diet to ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients.

Is My Guppy Fish Pregnant?

It can be challenging to tell if your guppy is pregnant, but there are some signs that you can look out for. Female guppies become rounder than usual, and the area near their stomach will often turn darker. Additionally, you may notice them eating more than usual and spending more time near the bottom of the tank.

Why Are My Guppy Fish Dying?

Unfortunately, guppies can be pretty sensitive to their environment, and there are various reasons why they may die. Common causes include poor water quality, lack of oxygen, and high or low temperatures.

What is the Best Mix of Males and Females?

Is it true? I think not. The guppies must be confined to three groups: two female guppies and one male. We needed to say it two ways. In addition, guppies have less tendency to become territorial – so you’re likely to have a quiet aquarium – and it is safer to keep one in your home.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, guppies care in a bowl or a tank can be quite rewarding and enjoyable. Following these steps, you will give your guppies the best possible environment and ensure they are healthy, safe, and happy. Before making any decisions, knowing the pros and cons of both bowls and tanks is crucial to determine which type fits your needs. Additionally, it’s a good idea to do more research about food, water changes, and disease prevention for guppies so you can adequately care for guppies in their new home.

With the proper knowledge and dedication that this task requires, you can successfully give your guppy an optimum living situation to maintain its health and well-being. Taking care of guppies is a precious experience that allows us to explore our love of animals while teaching us responsibility – so take your time creating the perfect habitat!

You might also love to read

About Me

I am the founder of, a devoted wife and mother, and an avid fish enthusiast. My aim is to assist fellow fish lovers worldwide in understanding how to properly care for and breed their pet fish.

Recent Posts

Stay Updated

Get outdoor trends, data, new products, and tips delivered to your inbox.

error: Content is protected !!
Scroll to Top